Well, sometimes the built-in MMC snap-in doesn’t do it all. In this case you need to do more than just add another user. Of course there a bunch of different ways to access your Active Directory. You most certainly can write a nifty c# programm, which could do all kinds of operations. But a lot of times you will end up write some little VBScript, just because it’s so darmn simple.
For the purpose of illustrating the usage of Active Directory scripting I have a little sample setup. Assume you have a database containing employee data and you want to sync this data with your Active Directory instance. You could further use this data in Active Directory to enable Active Directory aware programs (like SharePoint 🙂 ) to access this data.
OK; to get started I will show a little script, which access the Active Directory and does some mass-updating off user-accounts. For example say you want to add employee-numbers to the users accounts.
First of all, you need to connect to the directory. For this you need to know the root path of your Active Directory, or as a convenience you might as well use
LDAP://RootDSE instead. OK, let’s get connected to our Active Directory; the code below assumes you have a recordset called
rstEmployees which holds our employee data. So we iterate over the recordset:
Sub UpdateActiveDirectoryEntries On Error Resume Next Dim objRoot, objUser Dim intEmployeeCount Set objRoot = GetObject(strRootADPath) WScript.Echo "Processing records ..." rstEmployees.MoveFirst While Not rstEmployees.EOF WScript.Echo "processing:" & rstEmployees.Fields("EmployeeName") & " (" & rstEmployees.Fields("EmployeeNumber") & ")" Set objUser = GetObject("LDAP://CN=" & rstEmployees.Fields("EmployeeName") & "," & strAllEmployeeADPath) If objUser Is Nothing Then WScript.Echo "User '" & rstEmployees.Fields("EmployeeName") & "' could not be found!" Else ShowUser objUser WScript.Echo "Writing ..." objUser.Put "EmployeeID", rstEmployees.Fields("EmployeeNumber").Value objUser.Put "EmployeeNumber", rstEmployees.Fields("EmployeeNumber").Value ' objUser.PutEx ADS_PROPERTY_CLEAR, "EmployeeNumber", vbNullString objUser.SetInfo ShowUser objUser End If Set objUser = Nothing rstEmployees.MoveNext Wend End Sub